The first exhibition of archival documents was organized in 1948 on the occasion of the passing of the Law on State Archives.
The Archives of Serbia has since organized more than 120 exhibitions, impressing on the public the significance of documents and archival science. In the period 2000 – 2018, the Archives of Serbia has been intensively developing the exhibition aspect of its work, alone and in cooperation with other institutions of culture and science by organizing mroe than 40 exhibitions of archival documents, inter alia: Blago Arhiva Srbije (2000), Narodna skupština Srbije. Оd običajne ustanove do savremenog parlamenta 1804–2001 (2001), Jedan vek Kola srpskih sestara (2003), Ustanička Srbija 1804–1813 (2004), Univerzitet u Beogradu (2005), Srbija u borbi protiv fašizma (2005), Putne isprave u Srbiji u 19. i 20. veku (2008), Depo Arhiva Srbije – nova saznanja (2008), Idejom i životom. Zaostavština dr Zorana Đinđića u Arhivu Srbije, Istorijskom muzeju Srbije i Narodnoj biblioteci Srbije (2009), Genti di San Spiridione. Serbi a Trieste, 1751–1914. Ljudi Svetog Spiridona. Srbi u Trstu, 1751–1914 (2009), Srpski manastiri i crkve na Kosovu i Metohiji. Umetrnička fotografija – Aleksandar Radoš (2009, 2013, 2016), Vreme je... (2010), Stranci u Beogradu (2011), No Pasaran (2011), Sećajme se moji mene jer me više nema (2011), Srbija – trajanje i pamćenje (2012), Ustavi Kneževine i Kraljevine Srbije (2012), Srbija – trajanje i pamćenje. Iz istorije moderne srpske državnosti – dokumenta Arhiva Srbije (2013), Davorin Jenko 1835–1914. (2015), Stradanje i humanizam. Valjevska bolnica 1914–1915 (2015), Stojan Novaković i njegovo doba (2017), Srpsko/jugoslovensko – еgipatski odnosi (2018), Srbija – Rusija, Jugoslavija – SSSR (2018).
According to the experts, two exhibitions stand out by their theme, content, range of research, wealth, visuals, the value and the variety of materials. The exhibition Kultura Srba u Dubrovniku 1790–2010 (Culture of Serbs in Dubrovnik 1790-2010). Iz riznice srpske pravoslavne crkve Svetog Blagoveštenja, that was staged in the Archives of Serbia in 2012. More than 250 documents, objects and other archival and museum materials were exhibited including: lists of Orthodox families in Dubrovnik, wills, authentic manuscripts of theatre plays, the old and rara books, paintings, votive presents, jewelry, icons, gospels… The exhibition Kultura Srba u Trstu 1751–1914 (Culture of Serbs in Trieste 1751–1914) organized at the Archives of Serbia in 2016 was based on the work of the experts of the Archives of Serbia on the protection and research of archival materials of the Archives of the Serbian Orthodox Ecclesiastical Municipality in Trieste. The visitors had an opportunity to see the documents about the history of the Serbian community in Trieste, building of the two churches, Serbian palaces, Serbian Orthodox cemetery “Sveti Đorđe“, reputable Serbian families, Serbian school “Jovan Miletić“, Choir of the Church of St. Spiridon, Library and Archive of the Serbian Orthodox Ecclesiastical Municipality, on clergy, men of letters and rulers who made an impact on the culture of the Serbs in Trieste in the period 1751-1914. The exhibitions were followed by comprehensive catalogues – monographs: Kultura Srba u Dubrovniku 1790–2010. Iz riznice srpske pravoslavne crkve Svetog Blagoveštenja and Kultura Srba u Trstu 1751–1915.
With the exhibition World War I. In the documents of the Archives of Serbia, the Archives of Serbia started, on 14 February 2014, commemoration of the centenary of the World War I. Exhibitions organised in 2014, on the occassion of this important anniversary were Јuly 1914. In the documents of the Archives of Serbia (House of the Parliament of the Republic of Serbia) and The War Begins: 1914. In the documents of the Archives of Serbia (Archives of Serbia). The exhibitions Srbija i Srbi. La Serbia e i Serbi 1914–1918, оn Serbia and the Serbs in the World War I with a special emphasis on the relations between Serbia and Italy in that period was organised by the Archives of Serbia in Trieste, Italy at the Parliament of Friuli Venezia Giulia in July 2017 and at the Embassy of the Republic of Serbia in Rome in October 2018.
In cooperation with the National Historical Archive of Spain, an exhibition was organised Kraljevina Srbija i Kraljevina Španija (The Kingdom of Serbia and the Kingdom of Spain) to mark the centennary of establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries at the Archives of Serbia in April 2017. On the occasion of the Serbian Day in Washington on 28 July 1918, the Archives of Serbia organised an exhibition Kraljevina Srbija i Sjedinjene Američke Države (The Kingdom of Serbia and the United States of America).
At the initiative of the President of the Republic of Serbia, the Archives of Serbia introduced a new practice of exhibiting documents relevant to the history of the two countries: Serbia and the country of the guest on visits of foreign officials. This practice started with teh exhibition Iz osmanske riznice Arhiva Srbije, on the occasion of the visit of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the President of the Republic of Turkey in October 2017, аnd continued by an exhibition Balkanska prijateljstva. Izbor iz dokumenata Arhiva Srbije on the occasion of the visit of Boyko Borissov, Prime Minister of the Republic of Bulgaria, Alexis Tsipras, Prime Mijister of the Republic of Greece and Mihai Tudose, Prime Minister of Romania in December 2017. On the occasion of the visit of Shinzo Abe, Prime Ministero of Japan on 15 January 2018, the Archives of Serbia organised an exhibition Humanitarna pomoć Japana Srbiji u Prvom svetskom ratu (Humanitarian aid of Japan to Serbia in the World War I), аnd the exhibition 180 godina diplomatskih odnosa Rusije i Srbije (180 years of diplomatic relations of Russia and Serbia) was organised on the occasion of the visit of Sergei Lavrov, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Russia on 21 February 2018.
The Arhives of Serbia organised an exhibition Svetlost arhiva (The Light of Archives) to mark the 120th anniversary of its foundation – on 14 December 2018. Documents presenting the work of the institution, and the most important documents kept at the Archive of Serbia were presented on that occasion.